CURRICULUM - EARLY YEARS
Early Years: Nursery and Reception Classes
The focus for learning within Early Years is based on each child as an individual and is personalised to suit the many varied of the children. A wide variety of adult-led activities and child-led play opportunities occur both indoors and outdoors. Activities are carefully planned and based on the seven areas of learning in order to provide opportunities to achieve the Early Learning Goals specified in the Early Years Curriculum, Development Matters.
These are broken down into three prime areas of learning:
- Personal, Social and Emotional Development
- Physical Development
- Communication and Language
And four specific areas of learning:
- Understanding the World
- Expressive Arts and Design
Communication and language development
involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.
involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.
Personal, social and emotional development
involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.
involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
Understanding the world
involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
Expressive arts and design
involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.
Guiding Principles of our Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum
Four guiding principles shape practice in early years settings. These are:
- every child is a unique child, who is constantly learning to become resilient, capable, confident and self-assured;
- children learn to be strong and independent through positive relationships;
- children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to their individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and/or carers;
- children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates.